PhD or a Doctor of Philosophy is a doctorate degree awarded by several universities in different countries. The universities in countries like USA, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, UK award PhD degree in wide range of programs in the sciences (e.g., biology, physics, mathematics, etc.) and humanities (e.g., history, English literature, musicology, etc.). To pursue studies for a PhD program to get a doctorate degree, a student is required to have a Bachelor’s or a Master's Degree with high academic grades. A PhD degree is a mandatory requirement for employment as university professors and researchers in various fields. A PhD candidate or doctoral candidate is required to submit a project or a thesis that consists of original academic research in the concluding months of the course. A doctoral student who successfully completes his PhD program is automatically awarded with the academic title of doctor.
A PhD in Australia trains students to excel in their area of research, teaching and administration. PhD in Australia is the highest awarded degree offered by Australian universities in different disciplines. The doctoral degree includes a review of the relevant literature, an original research project and a well ordered thesis. For students who wish to pursue PhD in Australia, every year there are research scholarships such as the international postgraduate research scholarships (IPRS), university scholarships, alumni scholarships and also government scholarships which are from the Australian Government. These scholarships are granted to students with excellent academic grades and research background. Among the Australian university groups is the Innovative Research Universities (IRU) including 7 universities established as research-based universities.
PhD in USA is a series of three phases of course work. Depending upon the study field, to complete PhD in USA, it takes four to eight years of study after the Bachelor's Degree; and a year or two less for those who complete PhD after master’s degree. To get admission in any of the USA universities for PhD studies, a candidate must meet following requirements:
- Candidates have to send a SOP (Statement of Purpose), indicating a fit between the program and candidate, to the universities they are interested in and wish to apply at.
- Candidates need to take GRE General Test, an English Language Proficiency Test like IELTS, and the GRE Subject Test as required by the programs that they want to apply for.
- Candidates need to send recommendation letters (including purpose of PhD and an essay based on that) to the institute they want to apply in.
Universities in New Zealand offer education for PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) in a diverse array of subjects. PhD in New Zealand is a 3-4 years full time course during which a student has to prepare a substantial thesis under supervision. Upon completion of the course, a student is tested on the basis of oral examination of the thesis, after which PhD degree is awarded.
Requirements for PhD in New Zealand:
A candidate has to meet a set of basic requirements to get admission in PhD in New Zealand Universities. The set of requirements include:
- A student must meet the basic qualification requirements specified by the respective universities and should even be able to provide relevant proof for the same.
- A student has to give English Language Proficiency test to state his proficiency in English language.
PhD in UK provides professional, self-motivated researchers with the freedom to explore their chosen subject. Pursuing a PhD in UK involves three years of research supported by subject-specific and generic skills training. There are no formal written examinations; students produce an externally examined written thesis and are to be present for an oral examination. To be successful in PhD in UK, you need to have a strong interest in the subject and are required to demonstrate intellectual independence, time-management skills and self-discipline. You must decide what topic you would like to explore and be sure that you already have appropriate academic qualifications and relevant experience in the area of pursuing PhD in UK.