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Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU)

Rankings that are known to be scientifically sound, stable, and transparent!

Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) is an annual publication for ranking of global universities drafted by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy, which is an independent organisation engaged in research on higher education intelligence and consultation.

The first Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) was published on June 2003 by the Center for World-Class Universities (CWCU), and Graduate School of Education (formerly the Institute of Higher Education) of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.  However, since 2009, the ARWU rankings have been published and copyrighted by ShanghaiRanking Consultancy.

Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU)

This annual publication of world university rankings is based on five objective indicators:

  • The number of alumni and staff who accomplish Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals
  • The number of well-voiced researchers selected by Clarivate Analytics 
  • The number of articles issued in journals of Nature and Science 
  • The number of articles tabulated in Science Citation Index i.e., Expanded and Social Sciences Citation Index
  • Per capita performance of the institution


Based on each indicator, the highest-scoring education institution is assigned with a score of 100, whereas other education institutions are calculated as a percentage of the highest score. While ARWU publishes the top 500 global universities every year based on objective indicators and third-party data, it published a list of best 1,000 global universities in 2020. ARWU ranks 2000 universities to publish the top 1,000.

Top 20 Universities in ARWU 2021

Institution

Country

Rank
2021

Rank
2020

Harvard University

US

1

1

Stanford University

US

2

2

University of Cambridge

UK

3

3

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

US

4

4

University of California, Berkeley

US

5

5

Princeton University

US

6

6

University of Oxford

UK

7

9

Columbia University

US

8

7

California Institute of Technology

US

9

8

University of Chicago

US

10

10

Yale University

US

11

11

Cornell University

US

12

12

Paris-Saclay University

France

13

14

University of California, Los Angeles

US

14

13

University of Pennsylvania

US

15

19

Johns Hopkins University

US

16

15

University College London

UK

17

16

University of California, San Diego

US

18

18

University of Washington

US

19

16

University of California, San Francisco

US

16

21


It is said that one primary reason for the significant influence of the ARWU rankings is that it uses a methodology which is scientifically sound, stable, and transparent. The next Webometrics Ranking is expected to come out in the month of August 2022.

Source: https://www.shanghairanking.com/news/arwu/2021
 

Check THE World University Rankings

Check QS World University Rankings

Updated on September 22, 2021

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